Wire & Tool Auction
The Barbed Wire Collector
Page One: Books
Page Two: Books,
Page Three: Wire
Being a Collector
Joseph F. Glidden
Ichabod Washburn from Massachusetts devised the method to produce drawn
iron wire that became the origin of early wire fence and telegraph
lines. Years later much of this fence would be armed with barbs by
utilizing various types of hand-barbing tools.
First cattle drive of Texas cattle reached Sedalia, Missouri, and then
proceeded by rail to New York. The eastern appetite for Texas beef had
The Civil War interrupts further cattle shipments.
First barbed disclosure in a patent by Leonce Grassin-Baledans -
Homestead Act was passed - Pioneers moved westward and the need for
cheap reliable fencing became urgent.
Civil War ends and the mass migration west intensifies demand for
First barbed wire patent by Louis Jannin - France.
First U.S. barbed wire patent for livestock fencing by Lucien Smith -
First U.S. patent for sheet-metal barb (rowel form) by William Hunt -
First ribbon wire patent by Michael Kelly - New York.
First time the term "barb" is used in fence patent reference by Lyman
Judson - New York.
Santa Fe Railroad reaches Newton, Kansas, to meet the cattle trail from
Branch railroad reaches Wichita, Kansas, shortening the driven trail.
First barbed wooden fencing strip produced by Henry Rose - Illinois.
Meeting of Joseph Glidden, Isaac Ellwood, and Jacob Haish at the
Illinois, state fair, observing the Henry Rose fence display, and
agreeing to embark on their own inventions to improve fencing.
Most successful barbed wire patent by Joseph Glidden - Later known as
"The Winner" after the Supreme Court decision of 1892.
Beginning of years of patent litigation over rights of ownership of the
invention of barbed wire.
First barbed wire company was formed by Joseph Glidden and Isaac
Ellwood - Forerunner of United States Steel - 1907.
First hand-applied barb patent to arm existing smooth wire fences by
Charles Kennedy - Illinois.
First barbed wire machine patented by Joseph Glidden & Phineas
Vaughan - Illinois.
First hand-barbing tool patented by Dobbs & Booth - Iowa. The
was used to arm existing smooth wire fences.
Dramatic demonstration of barbed wire in San Antonio, Texas, by John
"Bet-A-Million" Gates, successfully proving to Texas cattlemen the
effectiveness of barbed wire.
First barbed wire net fence patented by Alexander Decker - Illinois.
Large range war over boundaries of fencing that involved Billy the Kid
in the Lincoln County Dispute - New Mexico.
First barbed fence-warning device patented by Thomas Shuman - Iowa.
The word "barbwire" became the generally acceptable spoken word for
First half-million pounds of barbwire produced and sold in DeKalb,
First major worldwide users of barbwire were the many railroads'
First galvanized barbwire produced.
World's longest barbwire fence erected, 2,400 miles across Australia,
was named the "Dingo Fence".
First barbed cattle guard patented by John Gilbert - Illinois.
First use of barbwire as electrical conductor lightening ground on
electric transmission lines patented by Jonathan Vail - New York.
Beginning period when rural barbwire fencing gained usage as telephone
The Glidden patent was declared "The Winner" by the Supreme Court
ruling on February 29, 1892. The court's ruling had far-reaching impact
on future patent laws that continue to this day.
Cuba saw the first use of regular farm-fence barbwire as a defensive
medium by the Spanish during the Spanish-American War.
Barbwire was used in prisoner compounds during the Boer War.
Barbwire was used as battlefield entanglements during the
Barbwire used as “concertina” war wire in European
World War I.
First use of barbwire against submarines – Japan sunk
carloads in their
harbors to hinder submarine passage.
First electric barbwire fence patented by Raymond Doerr –
First barbed wire collectors association was formed – Texas.
First national barbed wire museum was established – La
Last barbwire patent of the 20th century by P.H. White –
The Antique Barbed Wire Society is organized.